Developing and validating a tool to measure parenting self efficacy

Posted by / 26-Oct-2020 04:16

Developing and validating a tool to measure parenting self efficacy

There are a few questionnaires aimed to evaluate self-efficacy in a general way: Sherer's General Self Efficacy Scale (Sherer et al., 1982), recently translated into Spanish and validated (Herrero et al., 2014), Schwarzer's General Self Efficacy Scale (Schwarzer and Jerusalem, 1995), and the New General Self Efficacy Scale (Chen et al., 2001).

Thus, the expectation of self-efficacy has been widely studied in many spheres such as physical activity (Schwarzer et al., 2008), tobacco addiction (Hendricks et al., 2010), multiple sclerosis (Chiu et al., 2011), or patients with arthritis (Lorig et al., 2014).Three predictors are identified: gender, household income, and state residency.First, the results reveal that there is a gender difference in crisis self-efficacy; males have higher crisis self-efficacy levels than females.Second, as people have different levels of crisis self-efficacy, it is difficult for crisis managers to develop audience-specific messages and create crisis preparedness programs.A crisis self-efficacy scale enables crisis managers to develop more effective message strategies to protect publics and minimize crisis damage.

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Theoretical and practical implications are discussed, and directions for future research are identified.